Revolutionary 20th century French painter-and-sculptor Henri Matisse is most known for his mastery of the Fauvist style, which consists of flat but expressive shapes and color, controlled lines, and a simplified version of pointillism. He was born in northern France and was the oldest son of a wealthy grain merchant. He found paradise in art when his mother first brought him supplies, much to his father’s dissatisfaction. He started with still lifes and landscapes (like any traditional artist) before moving on to develop his own defined style and artistic success. Matisse eventually developed abdominal cancer, which left him bedridden and weak, making it impossible for him to paint. He adopted a new form of art: collage. Assistants helped make cut outs of papers and other materials to form the collages, which started small and later turned into lively room-sized compositions. He eventually passed away via heart attack, but not before founding the Matisse Museum in la Cateau, which currently holds the third largest collection of his works in France.