Johannes Vermeer, or simply Jan Vermeer, was a Dutch artist from Delft. He was a Baroque style painter and was considered one of the greatest painters of the Dutch Golden Age. Vermeer was renowned for genre painting, specifically, interior scenes of middle-class life. He often portrayed women as central figures in his paintings, usually performing certain tasks or activities in the home. “Girl with the Pearl Earring,” “Love Letter,” and “Milkmaid” are some of Vermeer’s most well-known pieces. Vermeer was also fascinated by an optical tool, called the camera obscura, that could project images onto a flat surface. He would use this tool to accurately plan out his compositions, which gave his paintings a sophisticated feel.