JOHN JAMES AUDUBON
Illustrator and painter John James Audubon is known for his drawings and paintings of North American birds. He published Birds of America, a hugely successful book art that featured birds in their natural states. Audubon was the illegitimate son of a sugarcane plantation owner and his servant. When his father died, his French wife adopted Audubon and gave him a better, educated life. He had lessons in art, music, and history. Audubon also had planet of free time that he used to explore the world, which unveiled his deep interest of studying birds. He tried his hand in several businesses and careers, and even went to jail for unpaid debts, but he always made time to study and paint birds until, finally, he dedicated all his time to it. The Americas were uninterested in his bird art, so he took it to London, where he published several works. Audubon’s artistic methods included killing a bird, propping them into natural positions with wires, and then studying and drawing them. Some larger birds, like eagles, took over 15 hours to fully prepare, study, and draw. In total, he identified 25 new bird species with his work.