American Realist landscape painter and printmaker Winslow Homer was a prominent artist from the 19th century. He focused largely on marine life and subjects. Mainly self-taught, his sketching and watercolor mastery helped him achieve an excellence in technique in oil painting. He exploited the medium in weight and density, conveying mature feeling, depth of perception, and a technical mastery in his works. Homer’s mother was a watercolorist and Homer’s first teacher. His dad arranged an apprenticeship at a newspaper after Homer graduated high school. He worked as an illustrator for 20 years before moving to New York, opening a studio, and starting art school. He learned the basics of oil painting, which he would develop fully by himself and would use as the main medium for his works. Homer also went to war and would make a series of works featuring war-related subjects. By 1900, after years of exploring and developing his artistic talent, he would achieve financial security. His paintings became a huge success and sold at generous prices. Ten years later, Homer died aged 74, leaving only one painting unfinished. His studio, Prout’s Neck Studio, was attained by the Portland Museum of Art.
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