German artist Adolfo Hohenstein was a graphical jack-of-many-trades. He dabbled in illustration, advertising, set design, and custome design, but is most commonly known for poster art. He is considered the Father of Italian Poster Art and an integral figure in Italian New Art. Born in Saint Petersburg, Hohenstein had an engineer father who travelled a lot, thus forcing Hohenstein to move to Vienna to complete his studies. Exposure to the world gave him early artistic skills. As an adult, he settled in Italy where he found work creating posters, postcards, score covers, and booklets. His most noteworthy posters were the ones he made for the two famous operas Le Boheme and Tosca, both of which he also helped with set and costume design.